Your septic system is responsible for treating wastewater. The system features a septic tank and a drain field. The septic tank is where the wastewater is treated. In the septic tank, the solid waste is separated from the liquid effluent. The drain field purifies the effluent, making it safe for release into nearby water systems.
Common causes of septic overflow
There are several common causes of septic overflow. Flow coming in from the wrong places can cause overflow. Rainwater systems can capture and redirect water to the inappropriate areas of the home, combining with the wastewater. Heavy rains can increase water load when the rainwater system is routed over the septic tank. Leaks can also lead to septic overflow. Leaks can stem from run-off and be released into the septic tank. Capacity shortcomings also contribute to septic overflow problems. Capacity problems could mean that the system is incapable of handling the volume for the household. Insufficient levels of bacteria present challenges for the system, making it difficult to properly break down waste properly. Poor system design caused by issues like slope design could just as easily lead to septic overflowing problems. Damaged pipes can also make the septic system vulnerable.
How septic system treatments work
There are two types of treatment methods used to manage septic overflow issues. Septic treatments can be made of biological solutions that use enzymes. These products are used to break down the solid waste. Some of the products can be comprised of non-pathogenic bacteria as well. The primary function of these treatment options is to enhance the performance of the septic system.
Other options to manage septic system overflow
The septic system should be checked every year. During this inspection, the septic system’s sludge levels are measured. The pipes are also examined, and the drain field is inspected. The EPA recommends that the septic tank be checked annually and pumped every three years to minimize potential risks of overflow. In some cases, it may be necessary to get your septic system pumped, annually. In not doing so, the system’s can have overflow problems, rechanneling untreated water back into the home. A tank that has a capacity of 1,000 gallons and supports a household of four people should be pumped every two years. If the household has a larger tank, then the system doesn’t have to be pumped out as frequently.
A septic system overflow problem could result from damaged pipes or rainwater system problems. If the issues aren’t resolved quickly, the performance problems continue. This poses health risks for household members. Treatments and pumping reduces chances of septic system overflow problems.